La diferencia entre OFF y OF / The Difference Between OFF and OF

¿Controlas bien la diferencia entre off y of?

Adrián, uno de mis alumnos, preguntó, “¿Cómo se dice ‘a mitad de precio’ en inglés?” Tras escuchar mi respuesta, dijo, “Vale. ‘half…’ pero ‘of/f’ ¿con una ‘f’ o dos?”

Y tú, ¿siempre sabes si es “of” o “off“? Pues, ¡al terminar este artículo, you will!

Primero, estas dos palabras son más similares en el papel que en el habla. De hecho, hay tres diferencias importantes entre la pronunciación de “off” y la de “of.

“off” y “of” suenan así

La 1ª diferencia: la “o”

La “o” no suena igual.

La “o” en “off” es como la “au” en “autumn”, con la boca abierta y los labios ligeramente extendidos…

Mientras que la de of” suena más como la “u” de “pub”. En realidad, si eres el tipo de persona que dice “paf”, lo único que tienes que hacer es quitar la “p” y te acercarás muchísimo a un sonido nativo. 😉

Decimos la “o” de estas dos maneras respectivamente

La 2ª diferencia: la “f”

El sonido “f” tampoco es igual.

En off“, pronunciamos la “f” como en español—con los dientes superiores en contacto con el labio inferior y sin vibración en las cuerdas vocales (labiodental, muda). Idéntico a farfullero, fanfarrón o fútbol con fatatas.

En of“, por otro lado, pronunciamos la “f” más como una “v”—los dientes superiores todavía en contacto con el labio inferior PERO CON vibración en las cuerdas vocales (labiodental, sonora).

Si eres el tipo de persona que hace una pequeña distinción entre la “b” y la “v” en “obvio”, ¡ese es el sonido “vvvvvvvvvv” que empleamos en “of”! 💪

Pronunciamos la “f” de estas dos maneras

Si ese “vvvvvvvv” te resulta demasiado difícil, echa un vistazo a la tercera diferencia, ésa es la tuya.

La 3ª y mayor diferencia

Off” es una palabra de contenido y “of” es una palabra de función.

Como explico en el artículo “¿’For’ y ‘four’ suenan igual? Sí. Pero no.” (link), las palabras de contenido se dicen altas, fuertes y claras y las palabras de función son cortas, vagas y “mal pronunciadas”.

Como palabra de contenido, “off” siempre es una de los sonidos más acentuados en una frase. Entonces en las oraciones “Turn off the alarm” o “Take off your shoes“, “off” tiene una pronunciación más alta, fuerte y clara que el verbo que le acompaña.

Sin embargo, ya que “of” es una palabra de función, casi siempre está comprimida y “mal pronunciada” (y como veremos en los ejemplos más abajo, a veces simplemente se omite).

La “mala pronunciación” de “of

Dos cosas que hacemos habitualmente para “mal pronunciar” “of“:

  • Eliminar/saltar la “f” cuando la siguiente palabra empieza con una consonante
  • Pasar la “f” a la siguiente palabra cuando ésta empieza con una vocal o con otra “f”

Para darte una idea, compara “the first o/December”, “the first o_fApril”, and “the first o_fFebruary”.

o/December, _fApril, _fFebruary

Dicho todo eso, deberías intentar decir “of” como una simple “a” (saltando la “f”) MUCHO MÁS A MENUDO de lo que haces ahora. Es lo que hacemos nosotros en, por ejemplo, lotta y kinda. 🙏

Ejemplos prácticos con “of

Cuando la siguiente empieza con una consonante

  • I don’t have a lot of time (“lotta”)
  • I have a ton of stress (“tonna”)
  • I’m kind of tired (“kinda”)
  • The fair is in a couple of days (“coupla”)
  • She’s in charge of marketing (“char-cha”)
Suprimimos la “f”

Toca practicar

Combina “a lotta” o “a tonna” con varios sustantivos: clothes, cars, toys, balls, mail, practice…

Después elige unos adjetivos y crea frases con “kinda“—un pelín, un poco, algo—: hungry, thirsty, sleepy, confused, lost…

Cuando la siguiente empieza con una vocal o con otra “f”

  • I don’t have a lot of enemies (“lá-ta-fé-ne-miis”)
  • You have a ton of energy (“tá-na-fé-ner-gy”)
  • I’m kind of angry (“káin-da-féin-gri”)
  • I’ll bring a couple of apples (“ca-pe-la-fá-pels”)
  • She’s in charge of four departments. (“chár-cha-ffór”)
Pasamos la “f” a la siguiente palabra

Toca practicar

Combina “a lotta_f” o “a tonna_f” con varios sustantivos para practicar: fun, fruit, options, exercises, ideas, eggs, info, extras…

Después elige unos adjetivos y crea frases con “kinda_f“—un pelín, un poco, algo—: funny, fast, excited, emotional, angry, upset…

Casos en los que no hace falta emplear “of

  • get off my back -OR- get off of my back (“óf-fa”)
  • get off the table -OR- get off of the table (“óf-fa”)
  • take your feet off the table -OR- take your feet off of the table (“óf-fa”)
  • take that condom off your head -OR- take that condom off of your head (“óf-fa”)
con y sin “of”
diferencia entre off y of

¿Es half off o half of?

Listen to “a mitad de precio” again

¿Ya sabes si es half off or half of? Deja tu respuesta en los comentarios. ¡Dinos si esto te ha ayudado!
____________________________

How well do you know the difference between “off” and “of”?

Adrian, one of my students, asked, “How do you say ‘a mitad de precio’ in English?” After hearing my answer, he said, “Ok. ‘half…’ but ‘of/f’ with one ‘f’ or two?”

And you, do you always know if it’s “of” or “off”? Well, you will by the end of this article!

First of all, these two words are more similar on paper than in speech. In fact, there are three important differences between the pronunciation of “off” and that of “of”.

“off” and “of” sound like this

The 1st Difference: The “o”

The “o” doesn’t sound the same.

The “o” in “off” is like the “au” in “autumn”, with your mouth open and lips slightly out…

While the one in “of” sounds more like the “u” in “pub”. Actually, if you’re the type of Spanish speaker who pronounces it “paf”, you can just remove the “p” and you’ll be super close to a native sound. 😉


We say the “o” in these two ways respectively

The 2nd Difference: The “f”

The f-sound isn’t the same either.

In “off”, we pronounce an “f” like in Spanish—the upper teeth touching the lower lip and without any vibration in the vocal chords (labio-dental, unvoiced). Just like in farfullero, fanfarrón, or fútbol con fatatas.

In “of”, on the other hand, we pronounce the “f” more like a “v”—the upper teeth still touching the lower lip BUT WITH vibration from the vocal chords (labio-dental, voiced).

If you’re the kind of Spanish speaker who makes a slight distinction between the “b” and the “v” in “obvio”, that’s the “vvvvvvvvvvv” sound we say in “of”!💪

We pronounce the “f” in these two ways

If that “vvvvvvvvv” is too tough for you, check out the third difference, that one’s right up your alley.

The 3rd and Biggest Difference

“Off” is a content word and “of” is a function word.

As I explain in the post “Do ‘for’ & ‘four’ sound the same? Yes. But, No.” (link), content words are said loudly and clearly, and function words are short, lazy n’ “mispronounced”.

As a content word, “off” is always one of the most acentuated sounds in a phrase. So in the sentences “Turn off the alarm” or “Take off your shoes”, “off” has a louder, stronger and clearer pronunciation than the verb.

However, since “of” is a function word, it’s almost always compressed and “mispronounced” (and as we’ll see in the examples below, sometimes it’s simply omitted).

The “Mispronunciation” of “of”

Two things we regularly do to “mispronounce” “of”:

  • Eliminate/skip the “f” when the following word begins with a consonant
  • Move the “f” to the following word when that word begins with a vowel or another “f”

To give you an idea, compare “the first o/ December”, and “the first o_fApril” and “the first o_fFebruary”.

o/December, _fApril, _fFebruary

Having said all of this, you should try to say “of” like a single, simple “a” (skipping the “f”) WAY MORE OFTEN than you are doing now. That’s what we do in, for instance, lotta or kinda. 🙏

Some Practical Examples with “of”

When the following word begins with a consonant

  • I don’t have a lot of time (“lotta”)
  • I have a ton of stress (“tonna”)
  • I’m kind of tired (“kinda”)
  • The fair is in a couple of days (“coupla”)
  • She’s in charge of marketing (“char-cha”)
We skip the “f”

Time to Practice

Combine “a lotta” or “a tonna” with several nouns: clothes, cars, toys, balls, mail, practice…

Then, choose some adjectives and build sentences with “kinda”—a little, somewhat—: hungry, thirsty, sleepy, confused, lost…

When the following word begins with a vowel or another “f”

  • I don’t have a lot of enemies (“lá-ta-fé-ne-miis”)
  • You have a ton of energy (“tá-na-fé-ner-gy”)
  • I’m kind of angry (“káin-da-féin-gri”)
  • I’ll bring a couple of apples (“ca-pe-la-fá-pels”)
  • She’s in charge of four departments. (“chár-cha-ffour”)
We slide the “f” over to the next word

Time to Practice

Combine “a lotta_f” or “a tonna_f” with several nouns to practice: fun, fruit, options, exercises, ideas, eggs, info, extras…

Then, choose some adjectives and build sentences with “kinda”—a little, somewhat—: funny, fast, excited, emotional, angry, upset…

Cases where you don’t need to use “of”

  • get off my back -OR- get off of my back (“óf-fa”)
  • get off the table -OR- get off of the table (“óf-fa”)
  • take your feet off the table -OR- take your feet off of the table (“óf-fa”)
  • take that condom off your head -OR- take that condom off of your head (“óf-fa”)
with and without “of”

Is it half off or half of?

Listen to “half of/f” again

Do you know if it’s “half off” or “half of” yet? Leave your answer in the comments. Tell us if this has helped you!

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